Basic facts about australian citizenship

Australian Citizenship

The Australian citizenship or nationality is based on the principle of Jus soli. The term Jus soli means that a person’s nationality is determined by the place of his birth.

The law governing the Australian citizenship was created by the Act of 1948. The said legislation has been amended by a number of times remarkably in 1973 and 2002. In March 2007, the Act of 2007 was granted a royal assent. Such Act had replaced the 1948 legislation.

A Glimpse of History

The citizens of Australia were considered as British citizens prior to year 1949. The United Kingdom shared the same nationality code with Australia.

In year 1948, the concept of Australian citizenship was created through the Nationality and Citizenship Act of 1948.

In year 1986, children who were born in Australia could only be considered as Citizen, if their mother or father is a permanent resident or a citizen of Australia.

In year 1994, citizens of other nations who would like to avail of an Citizenship were mandated to take an oath of loyalty or commitment to the government of Australia instead of   rendering a pledge of commitment to the Queen of Australia

In year 2002, the who acquired citizenship of other nations by voluntary or willful act no longer lose their Australian citizenship.

In year 2006, the Australian Government released a paper, Australian Citizenship: Much More Than  A  Ceremony. This paper considered the advantages of a more proper Australian Citizenship Test with more stringent English test requirements.

Also in the same year, the government introduced revised legislation to lengthen the period of waiting eligibility from 2 to 4 years.  An extension period of three years were previously supported by the federal opposition, but they are currently opposing  the  extension period of four years.

In year 2007,  the Australian people  who have lost their  citizenship under the 1948 Act  were  given the privilege to resume their Australian Citizenship, provided they are posses good character.

The Rights of Citizens

  • People who acquired Citizenship enjoy several privileges which include:
  • The right to register their children as Citizens
  • The right to acquire Australian Passport
  • Suffrage right
  • The right to public office
  • The right to avail of consular assistance overseas

Responsibilities under Citizenship

  • Acquisition of Citizenship also entails some responsibilities which include:
  • The responsibility to vote in elections
  • The responsibility to defend Australia
  • The duty to serve on a jury if required

Who Are Entitled to Apply For An Citizenship?

You can apply for a citizenship by conferral, provided you meet the eligibility requirements. People who are eligible to apply under the conferral citizenship are: the spouses or partners of Australian Citizens, Citizens of New  Zealand who have resided in Australia for a long  period, children of a former Citizen, humanitarian entrants,  children of a former Citizen, British Citizens who have resided in  Australia for a long time.

If you were born in a foreign land to an Australian parent you can apply or avail of citizenship by descent.

If legally adopted by a citizen of Australia, you can apply or avail of citizenship by conferral or adoption.

If you lost your citizenship you, you can regain back your citizenship by applying for citizenship by resumption.